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bild
bild

Torfinn den Mäktige

Earl (Greve) på Orkneyöarna, Caithness, Skottland, Irland och Isle of Man.

Far:
 
Sigurd the Stout of Orkney (952 - 1014), Sigurd den Digre, earl (greve) of Orkney, Skottland 988-1014.
Mor:
 
Dovada of Skottland (Alba) (986 - 1009), dotter till kung Malcolm II the Destroyer of Skottland (Alba).
Född:
 
1009 Skottland, Orkney 1)
Död:
 
1065 Skottland, Orkney, Birsay 2)
Bar

Vigsel:
 
1049 3)
Barn:
2. Erling of Orkney (1050 - 1098), earl (greve) of Orkney, Skottland 1064-1098.
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Noteringar
Noteringar
Sigurdsdon, Thorfinn the Black of Orkney, Jarl of Orkney. Earl of Caithness fr 1021-1064. Born: 1009 Acceded: 1014 Died: 1064 Notes: Earl of Caithness.
Father: Hlodvirsson, Sigurd the Stout of Orkney, Earl of Orkney Mother: Daughter. Married BEF 1038 to Finnsdottir, Ingibiorg Earls Mother Child 1: Thorfinnson, Paul I of Orkney, Earl of Orkney Child 2: Thorfinnsson, Erlend II, Earl of Orkney. (Directory of Royal Genealogical Data, Hull, England)

Thorfinn den Mäktige var död år 1065. Birsay var en gång säte för för Orkneyjarlen. Kyrkan byggdes av jarlen Torfinn den Mäktige efter sin återkomst från en pilgrimsresa till Rom. Han styrde ett rike som omfattade nio jarldömen i Skottland, Hebriderna, Isle of Man samt även stora delar av Irland. Efter hans död rasade väldet samman, Isle of Man och Hebriderna blev egna stater. (Nordisk Vikingaguide 1995, sid 169, Statens Historiska museum, Holmblad)

Sigurd married a daughter of the Scottish king Malcolm, and their son was called Thorfin. Earl Sigurd had, besides, older sons; namely, Sumarlide, Bruse, and Einar Rangmund. (Heimskringla, Olov den Heliges saga III)

På Birsay hade en av de största norska jarlarna sitt huvudsäte, nämligen den ärelystne och hänsynslöse Thorfinn den Mäktige. Enligt sagan uppehöll han sig ofta här och byggde även den kyrka som återfunnits. (Boken om vikingarna, sid 69, Catharina Ingelman-Sundberg)

Thorfinn, when a mere child, had been placed by him over Sutherland and Caithmess: In 1030, on the death of his half brother, Brusi, he annexed the Orkneys to his dominions. He is described as stout and strong, but very ugly; severe, and cruel, but a very clever man. Duncan I, who reigned from AD. 1034-1040, attempted to deprive him of his earldom, but was himself defeated, amid his defeat was followed by his assassination in the smith's bothy, near Elgin, at the hands of Macbeth, who succeeded him, and reigned from 1040-58. Thorfinn is said to have held a large Riki in Ireland, and to have extended his kingdom from Thinrso Shcerry to Dublin, and to have exacted tribute and assumed the prerogatives of the earlier kings of Dublin. He died about 1064. His sons were at the battle of Stamford Bridge in 1066, and escaping from the slaughter, led a peaceful and inglorious existence as joint jarls in their northern home. Ingebiorge, the widow of Thiorfinn, married Malcolm III, who reigned from 1058-93. -Robertson, i. 98, 127, and 161-2. (Chronicle of Man and the Sudreys, notes 1-2, fotnot 53).
 
Skottland
Karta över Skottland och Orkneyöarna.
Bar
Källor
Royal Genealogical Data, Hull, England
Nordisk Vikingaguide, Lars G. Holmblad, 1995
Beräkning
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© Layout, innehåll och bilder: Björn Espell, Frösön, Sweden.
Uppdaterad 2011-11-25.